The Ultimate Guide to Treating Tooth Decay in Children

Every child goes through tooth decay in his early years. When the tooth enamel breaks down, it results in tooth decay. As enamel acts as the protective hard covering of the tooth so when it gets destroyed, children start getting cavities in their teeth. These cavities are actually black holes in the teeth caused by bacteria. When sugars or any starchy material is left behind in the teeth while eating then the build-up results in the destruction of enamel.

Foods like candy, soda, raisins, fruits juices, and bread can be changed into acids by bacteria living in the mouth. When bacteria, food, saliva, and acid mix together, they form a substance called plaque which actually is the root cause of the decaying of teeth in children.

Causes of tooth decay

Normally all children have bacteria in their mouth and there may be numerous causes of cavities and tooth decay in children. The following causes may alert the parent for a visit to the dentist.

  • High sugary diet
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Less saliva flow
  • Usage of limited or no fluoride-based toothpaste

Symptoms of tooth decay

The following symptoms may appear to be different for every child but the most common are as follows:

  • If the gums are bleeding or are red or swollen then that means that there is trapped bacteria inside the child’s teeth
  • The gum line on the baby’s front teeth must be seen by the parent for close monitoring of plaque.
  • If there are white dots on the gum lines then it is a clear sign of plaque
  • The cavities in the enamel appear to look brown and then changes to black if left untreated Pain in the affected area for which antibiotics can be taken from
  • Sensitivity to sweets and cold drinks

It is important to treat cavities in babies as the child’s teeth act as placeholders for adult teeth formation.


The dentist may need to go through the child’s medical history to properly diagnose the tooth decay. A medical examination of the child’s mouth or a dental X-ray may tell whether the tooth decay is serious or not.


Some factors are to be kept in mind while treating a child’s tooth decay like his age, general health, or symptoms. In the most common cases, the affected area of the teeth is removed and replaced with a filling. Fillings are placed inside the teeth for damage repair caused by cavities. Fillings are also called restorations and they are direct or indirect.

Direct restorations are done by directly placing the filling inside the prepared hole. These fillings may be composed of silver glass powder or raisins.

Indirect restorations usually require 2 or more visits to the dentist as they include inlays, outlays, veneers, crowns, and bridges. They are mostly composed of gold, metal alloys and may look like normal tooth enamel. There are many methods to treat cavities in children but prevention is better than cure so parents must train their children to keep good oral hygiene and avoid too many sugary foods.

Grandparent & Grandchild Relationships | How to Foster It

There are many fun activities that you can find to do with your grandparents and vice versa. It is a collective effort where you need to discover your own particular desires within the framework of your relationship. Each person is different so it's important to find what makes you both happy. Establishing common ground is a good foundation for finding new activities in the future and growing the relationship.

Enjoy the outdoors with fresh air

Sometimes getting some fresh air is one of the best things for both parties because we are often cooped up inside the house. This is especially true for the grandparent because kids tend to be outside more.

Going on a long walk on the beach or enjoying the leaves changing during fall with a delicious picnic is a great way to spend time together and talk about life. You can also opt to go to certain locations like museums or the mall. Being out and about gives you both a sense of fellowship and purpose.

Communicate effectively through technology

Sometimes there are certain periods where you might be away from each other and this is the perfect time to implement technology. For instance, if you regularly colour together in craft books then you could do this through a video call.

Here you can effectively show each other what you're drawing and share more quality time through the cyber world. It might be difficult to get older people to do video calls if they're a purist, but the experience is incredibly rewarding when there's no other option. Covid 19 is a primary example of where video calling is very appropriate and enriching.

Isolate a day of the week to spend together

It's easy to get into the routine of life and focus on one thing or the other. In all the stresses between school and homework, it can be difficult to maintain a proper schedule with grandparents. Integrate them into the fabric of your schedule instead of hanging out every now and then.

They will be appreciative and it will ensure you always have time for them at a certain point in the week. You will both have something to look forward to, even if it's just getting some lunch together on the weekend! It's important to realize that grandparents have rights too.

For example, grandparents' rights in Australia include their entitlement to spend time with grandkids on a regular basis. This means that the time spends with them is protected under the law which is comforting. You can legally set aside a time each week to visit them.

It takes time and effort to nurture any relationship

In conclusion, there are multiple methods for positively fostering your relationship with grandparents and vice versa. It takes a group effort and brainstorming to come up with new things to do.

Taking consideration for each other and growing in the relationship is key to long-term success. Each person is different but that's what makes life so enriching. You have the ability to forge your own special world with each other and grow over the years.

As you get older, the activities might change, but your love for one another will have solidified and grown through bonding experiences that you'll remember forever!

Fillings in Baby Teeth: Are They Really Necessary?

Parents ask dentists this question a lot: if primary teeth are temporary, is it really necessary to prevent and treat cavities in baby teeth?

The answer is yes. Fillings for your child's primary teeth (baby teeth) are just as important as they are for adult teeth. In fact, leaving cavities untreated can actually lead to other problems down the road.

The Functions of Baby Teeth

Baby teeth are not just for chewing; they play an essential role in a child's development. Although they are only around for a few years, they can aid and affect vital functions like speech, self-confidence, and digestion. That's why it's important to consult a childrens dentist for teeth fillings every six months.


They Aid Speaking and Eating

Speaking and eating are two vital functions in a child's development.

Your child's front teeth help him develop speech – children learn to communicate effectively by making sounds and pronouncing letters. Most consonant sounds in the alphabet are formed by pressing the tongue against the front teeth.

In addition to speaking, baby teeth allow children to chew solid food properly, which aids digestion.

They Affect Self-Confidence

Healthy baby teeth promote self-confidence in the crucial early phase of a child's development. A child with decaying teeth and poor oral hygiene is more likely to be ostracized by his peers in kindergarten and primary school.

Why You Should Treat Cavities in Baby Teeth

Aside from the essential functions baby teeth serve, there are many other reasons why you should take cavities in your child's baby teeth seriously.

Baby Teeth Act as Placeholders

Your child's baby teeth act as placeholders by saving room for adult teeth. Without baby teeth, misalignment or overcrowding of the adult teeth can occur, leading to problems with chewing and biting.

Cavities Can Cause Pain and Discomfort

Leaving your child's cavities untreated can lead to infections, abscesses, and other dental problems. If you've ever had a toothache, you'll know that inflammation of the gums and surrounding tissue can cause a great deal of pain and discomfort. This kind of discomfort can distract a child from their studies, even resulting in lower grades.

Cavities Can Be a Sign of an Underlying Condition

In some cases, cavities may indicate underlying concerns such as a poor diet or incorrect dental care. Your dentist will be able to spot these signs early on and will recommend corrective action.

Poor Oral Care in Childhood Leads to Poor Oral Care in Adulthood

A poor oral care routine in childhood usually translates into poor oral care in adulthood. This is because children form oral care routines and habits early on.

When Does Your Child Need a Filling?

To determine whether a baby tooth needs a filling or not, a dentist will look at three main factors: if the tooth will fall out on its own, the size of the cavity, and the child's cavity risk.

Will the Tooth Fall Out on its Own?

Dentists can determine when a tooth will fall out by taking an x-ray and looking at how much of the baby tooth's root is still there. The adult tooth prepares to take its place by dissolving the baby tooth's root over time.

If the tooth is already loose and is likely to fall out on its own within 6-12 months, pediatric dentists generally let nature take its course. They usually recommend improved oral care (brushing and flossing) and regular check-ups.

How Large is the Cavity?

Cavities that can be seen on x-rays have already progressed to the dentin (the tooth's inner layer). Dentin is softer and more porous than tooth enamel, so once a cavity reaches it, it can grow rapidly. This is when a white filling is recommended.

If the cavity is large and there is more than one on the tooth, dentists recommend restoring it with a crown. If the cavity is too big to hold a filling or crown, extraction is recommended.

If the tooth has a pre-cavity spot, it means that the tooth has an area of demineralization that hasn't progressed to a cavity yet. A dentist will monitor the tooth and recommend increased oral hygiene.

How High is the Child's Cavity Risk?

Because cavities are caused by bacterial infections (called 'caries'), they can spread from tooth to tooth. If a cavity is left untreated for long enough, your child's other teeth may also develop cavities. A dentist will assess if your child needs a filling by determining the risk to your child's other baby teeth.

4 Bottle Feeding Tips For Dads

Dads can and should play a role in feeding babies too! Breastfeeding mothers often need a physical, emotional and mental break from long hours of feeding. Dads can help out by bottle feeding with pumped breast milk or formula milk.

Here are some practical tips to facilitate the breastfeeding process for the dedicated dads out there.

1.Take it Slow

When you first start bottle feeding, you need to remember that breast milk flows much slower than bottle milk. Take this into consideration when bottle feeding your baby and take it slow.

Adopt a feeding technique called paced feeding where you slowly tilt the bottle up when the baby is sucking the bottle nipple and slowly lower the bottle when the baby stops sucking.

The bottle should be slightly raised to allow steady flow, you don’t want the baby to gulp the milk but rather slowly sip the milk at a steady pace.

2.Bottle Preparation

Dad! If you are new to bottle feeding, try your best to learn without constantly disturbing your partner when she is trying to rest. Here are some tips for preparing bottles for breast milk and preparing bottles for formula.

Breastmilk Prep

You can defrost frozen breast milk overnight in the refrigerator or you can immerse the bottle or container in warm water, not hot water. You want to avoid using hot water because you don’t want to kill the beneficial nutrients that are essential for your baby’s health.

Always wash your hands with warm water and antibacterial soap for 30 seconds before touching baby bottles or equipment. Make sure all bottles are cleaned by sterilising them in boiling hot water or sterilising solution. You can also buy bottle sterilisers that are designed specifically for sterilising baby bottles and cutlery.

Formula Preparation

Follow these steps for formula preparation:

Clean all bottle parts and your hands with warm water and antibacterial soap. Bottles should also be sterilised with boiling hot water or sterilising solution before use.

Follow the instructions for mixing the formula by reading the packaging. If you are using S-26 Alula Newborn Formula, for example, you would follow the guidelines on the packaging.

Thoroughly mix the formula with warm water making sure there are no clumps of unmixed formula in the bottle.

Check the temperature by dropping the milk on the back of your hand. The milk should be warm but not boiling hot.

The mixed formula remains drinkable for two hours at room temperature and for 24 hours if kept in the fridge.

3. Bottle Warming

If you keep your bottles in the fridge, you will need to warm the milk up before giving it to your baby. You can do this by boiling water on the stove and placing the bottle inside the pan until the bottle feels warm to the touch. You can also hold the bottle under running warm water or use a bottle warmer instead.

Gently shake the bottle before feeding your baby, this prevents hot spots and ensures that the milk is thoroughly mixed.


This is the fun part! When your baby has had enough, you need to burp your baby, especially in the first few weeks. You might need to burp your baby after 2-3 ounces of milk intake. There are different techniques, first, place your baby over your shoulder and gently pat and rub the back until they burp.

Their stomach should rest gently on your shoulder and he/she should release after a minute or two. If this doesn’t work, sit him/her up and gently hold their shoulders from the front for support. Gently pat and rub the back again, they should eventually release.

It might take a bit of practice but after a while, you should get it right.

Bottle feeding does take some getting used to, especially if you are a total newbie. Remember that slow and steady wins the race when it comes to bottle-feeding or taking care of babies in general. Take your time, relax and enjoy feeding your baby. Bottle feeding is the perfect time for fathers to bond with their little ones so use this time to develop that priceless connection with your baby.

5 Different Ways To Invest In Your Child’s Education

Every devoted parent knows just how important quality education is for any child. Education opens doors for career opportunities while also helping them develop coping skills, leadership skills, and discipline to get through life with a lot less stress. However, when it comes to investing in your child's education, not all methods involve setting aside enough money to pay for university. So we have listed a few different ways that you can ensure your child succeeds at school and has the choice of furthering their education later on in life.

Choose Private Education

Private schooling might seem like an extra cost that won't make that much of a difference to your child's education. However, private schools generally have smaller classrooms, ensuring your child receives beneficial individual attention in the classroom. What's more, private schools incorporate religious learning and offer your child more growth opportunities than public schools. Considering a private middle school for your little one can make a massive difference to the quality of education they receive as the curriculums also vary.

Create A College/University Savings Fund

A college or university savings fund will ensure your child can pursue higher education, making it possible for them to achieve their career goals later on in life. Because college and university fees are quite pricey, you should start saving as soon as possible to give your child a significant upper hand in their career while also ensuring they can obtain their dream job instead of settling for simply any job when they finish high school.

Do Homework With Your Child

Even if your child completes their homework after school while they attend an afterschool program, as many children do, considering schools close earlier than most jobs, you should still do your child's homework with them. Even if you are only revising their homework, the decision to overlook their progress is essential. Your child will also appreciate the time you spend with them, and you will be able to identify any subject areas where your child might be struggling.

Consider Private Tutoring

Private tutoring is an excellent way to invest in your child's education. Even if your child is on the more intelligent end of the spectrum and seems to have no trouble getting through the work, private tutoring in challenging subjects such as math, science, and others can help enhance their self-confidence as they will better understand the work.

Encourage Extracurricular Activities

Extracurricular activities range from art to karate and team sports such as soccer. The options are endless, and if the school doesn't offer any, you should choose an external facility with your child to allow them to learn outside of the school. These activities don't surround academics, and you might have to pay extra for them. However, your child will learn and develop additional skills, such as social skills, discipline, leadership, creativity, and others, that will crutch their ability to find success in school and after they have completed their education.

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